"Is he not a man of complete virtue, who feels no discomposure
though men may take no note of him?"
Aiken, Howard Hathaway (1900-1973)
Harvard mathematician who, during World War II, created Charles Babbage's
dream machine, with the help of the U.S. Navy and IBM. The Harvard-IBM
MARK I, a program controlled, large scale calculating
machine completed in 1944.
Allen, Paul G. (1953- )
Co-founder of Microsoft Corp. Allen left the company in 1985 but remained
on the board of directors and as founded or financially supported several
innovative computer ventures, including Asymetrix and Starware Corp. He
is involved with a variety of other projects, including a Jimi Hendrix
Museum in Seattle.
Amdahl, Gene M. (1922- )
South Dakota native who helped design the IBM 704, the S/360 series.
He was the founder of the Amdahl Corp.
Andreessen, Marc (1971- )
Co-founder (at the age of 22) of Netscape Communications, along with
Silicon Graphics founder James H. Clark. Before Andreessen graduated from
the University of Illinois in Champaign, he had created the NCSA Mosaic
prototype with a team of students and staff at the university's National
Center for Supercomputing Applications.
Atanasoff, John Vincent (1904-1995)
Physics professor at Iowa State College, in 1939, he and a graduate
student, Clifford Berry, had a working prototype of the binary based ABC
(Atanasoff-Berry Computer), but the machine was abandoned when Atanasoff
went to work for the Naval Ordnance Laboratory in Washinton, D.C.
Babbage, Charles (1791-1871)
Eccentric, English mathematician who is considered to have conceptualized
the modern computer a century before technology let it be built. He conceptualized
the Difference Engine, a machine that would have
computed lengthy scientific tables, but money, labor, and health problems
prevented its completion. The Analytical Engine,
a more ambitious plan, would have done a wide range of calculating tasks.
With it, Babbage recognized the need for an input device, memory, a central
processing unit, and an output device, and for this he is known as the
Father of Computing.
Backus, John W. (1924- )
Mathematician from Philadelphia who headed the research team at IBM
that created FORTRAN, the first machine independent programming language.
Bardeen, John (1908-1991)
Wisconsin born co-inventor of the transresistor, or transistor,
and a member of the AT&T Bell Telephone Laboratories team along with
Walter Brattain and William Shockley. The three received a Nobel Prize
in physics in 1956, and Bardeen went on to share another for research on
superconductivity at low temperatures, making him the only scientist to
receive two Nobel Prizes in the same field.
Bartik, Jean (1935- )
Missouri born math prodigy recruited in 1945 to join a University of
Pennsylvania team of young women who calculated trajectories to help wartime
artillery gunners aim the weapons. The Army called Bartik and the other
women computers because of their complex work. After the Army's unveiling
of the ENIAC, Bartik began working with Adele Goldstine,
revamping it to be a stored program computer. Though they worked closely
with the great mathematician John von Neumann, it was Bartik who wrote
Bell, Gordon (1934- )
Missouri born engineer who made innovations in the design of everything
from small computers to multiprocessors. The open bus structure and general
registers for memory addressing were among the innovations. He designed
the first minicomputers and time sharing computers. He founded the Computer
Museum in Boston with his wife, Gwen.
Graduated in 1939 from Sydney University and was involved in radio transmitter
design and radar research until joining the CSIRAC project in 1947 (the first
stored-memory electronic computer in Australia). When the computer was moved
to the University of Melbourne in 1955, he continued work on digital techniques
and the application of computers in connection with navigational aids for
civil aviation, the processing of data from radio telescopes, the control
of Narrabri radio heliograph, and the control of the Siding Spring 3.9-meter
telescope. He retired from CSIRO in 1978 while assistant chief at the Division
of Computing Research. Following his retirement he served as a Senior Research
Fellow in the CSIRO Division of Radiophysics. In 1980 he was awarded an Order
of Australia Member (AM), in recognition of services to Radiophysics.
British Oxford graduate who is the father of the World Wide Web. He created
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) and Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), with
a Universal Resource Locator (URL) that could locate data.
Berry, Clifford Edward (1918-1963)
New York born graduate student at Iowa State College who, along with
John Atanasoff designed but never finished the first machines to use electronic
techniques in digital calculation. Although Atanasoff is generally credited
with the machine's concept, Berry is said to have done an equal amount
of work on the actual design and construction.
Boole, George (1815 - 1864)
Self taught British mathematician. He proposed a form of logic now
known a Boolean algebra using two digits: 1 and 0.
Booth, Andrew Donald (1918- )
British engineer and physicist who was an early proponent of magnetic
drum memories for computers. By 1952, he and his father were selling fairly
reliable working drums made from brass cylinders plated with nickel. He
also tried to construct a floppy disk with oxide coated paper.
His 1980 design decisions for the IBM PC still live on today. Invented
Brainerd, Paul (1947- )
Former Minnesota newspaperman who was the founder of the Aldus Corp.
His revolutionary program, Aldus PageMaker.
Brattain, Walter (1902-1987)
China born American who co-invented the transistor,
with John Bardeen and William Shockley. they shared a Nobel Prize in physics
Bricklin, Dan (1951- )
Conceived and designed the first electronic spreadsheet, VISICALC,
which was released in 1979. Bob Frankston, wrote the code.
Burroughs, William S. (1857-1898)
New York born inventor who, after working in a bank, was so appalled
by the inaccuracies of hand accounting that he created and patented a printing
adding machine in 1888.
Case, Steve (1958 - )
At 25 years of age, Case was heading the attempt to keep Control Video afloat.
Two years later the company began to provide online services for Commodore
computer users and changed its name to Quantum Computer Services. Within a
couple of years, Case had crafted online deals with Apple Computer and Tandy.
Apple eventually bailed out to launch its own online service, so Quantum revamped
and consolidated. Case decided the company needed a new image, so he held
a contest for a new name. He picked himself as the winner and America Online
was born, although it's first name was Online America. In 1992, with just
120 employees, AOL went public, raised $66 million and Case was suddenly worth
nearly $2 million on paper. Shortly after that, he was made CEO.
Cerf, Vinton G. (1943- )
Born in New Haven, Conn., the Father of the Internet co-developed the TCP/IP
(Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol)
Cowpland, Michael Dr.
Born Bexhill, Sussex, England, April 23, 1943
Engineering Design and Project Leader, Bell Northern Research (1964-68)
Manager, Circuit Designs, Microsystems International Limited (1969-73)
President and Co-founder of Mitel Corporation (1973-84)
Founder, President and CEO of Corel Corporation (1985-2000)
Cray, Seymour (1925-1996)
Wisconsin born inventor who made the computer SUPER and fast with his
innovations and also founded the Control Data Corp. along with William
Norris and seven others.
He and a friend, Randy Suess, created the first BBS February 16, 1978,
It wasn't called a BBS. The name was CBBS, and for a time prople
wondered what it stood for. Christensen's Bulletin Board System? Chicago
Bulletin Board System? Ward says it meant Computerized Bulletin Board System
and all the early Boards were termed a CBBS until the C was eventually
The first BBS ran on an S-100 computer with 64k RAM and two single-sided
8" diskettes each holding 250k.
Randy put the hardware together; Ward wrote the BBS software in 8080
assembler and served as the system operator, a term quickly shortened to
Eckert, John Presper (1919-1995)
Pennsylvania physicist who worked with John W. Mauchly and a 50 member
team to create the first general purpose electronic calculator, known as
the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And
Engelbart, Douglas C. (1925- )
Oregon native who is famous for inventing and patenting the first computer
mouse in 1963. He holds about 20 patents, mostly for basic features in
Intel engineer who created a general purpose, programmable logic chip
called the 4004. He was aided by Hoff, Shima and
Inventor who, created the Video Circuit Board, Pennywhistle modem,
1 computer along with Adam Osborne, Expander Computer, Sol computer.
In 1968 introduces his high school buddy Steve Jobs to his neighbor
Steve Wozniak. Enough said.
Filo, David (left)
1994. That's when with Jerry Yang (right), these two PhD students created
Yahoo! directory to help their Stanford pals locate cool Web sites.
Flowers, Thomas H. (1905- )
Engineer who led the team that created a fast, digital, all electronic machine
called the COLOSSUS, of which several copies were
presumably used for British code breaking during World War II.
Forrester, Jay Wright (1918- )
Nebraska native and MIT professor who made an important innovation
in the way magnetic core memory was arranged
and led the team that created
was made to control flight simulators but ended up being used for any problems
requiring real time control.
Gates, William Henry III (1955 -)
Seattle born Harvard dropout who, with Paul Allen co-founded Microsoft.
Gernelle, Francois (1945 - )
In 1972, he joins Truong who just started
R2E, and during a meeting with the people responsible for l'Inra “Institut
national de recherche agronomique” who are looking for a cheap way to build
a system to calculate the soil evapotranspiration, François Gernelle
proposed to build a calculator for half the price.
He created the first micro-computer in the process. The
Geschke, Charles M.
The founder of Adobe Systems in 1982 who, along with John Warnock,
went on to create what will become known as the desktop publishing.
Mathematician who wrote the manual for the ENIAC
and also was involved with its programming.
Goldstine, Herman Heine (1913- )
Mathematician (Husband of Adele Goldstine) who helped design the ENIAC,
at the University of Pennsylvania. He also worked with John von Newman
on scientific papers at the Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) and went
on to write one of the most complete computer history books.
Hewlett, William R. (1913- )
Michigan born engineer who, in 1939 along with David Packard created
Hoff, Marcian Edward Jr. (Ted) (1937- )
Intel engineer who invented a general purpose, programmable logic chip
called the 4004. Hoff was aided by Federico Faggin,
Shima and Mazor.
Holberton, Betty (1927- )
One of the team of young women at the University of Pennsylvania who,
in 1945 calculated trajectories to help war time artillery gunners aim
their weapons. When the ENIAC was invented, Holberton
and five other women worked on it, becoming the world's first programmers.
Hollerith, Herman (1860-1929)
New York born engineer who developed a way to use punched cards to
tabulate data for the U.S. Census Bureau's 1890 Census.
Holt, Ray (1944 -)
Named by business partner who is spanish and Jolt is Spanish for Holt.
In 1971, Mr. Ray Holt wrote a design paper on the MOS-LSI chip set
Microprocessor Chip Set Designed and Developed 1968-1970.
Co-designing the AMI 7200 and AMI 7300 in 1972-73, both general purpose microprocessors
used in specialized products, as well as other special purpose microprocessors
used in high-end calculators. In 1974, he co-founded Microcomputer Associates,
Inc., and designed the JOLT and Super JOLT kit series.Other
early accomplishments include the first microprocessor pinball game (1974),
co-publisher of the first microcomputer industry publication, The
Microcomputer Digest (1974), co-author of seven microprocessor design papers
in the 70s, co-curriculum designer instructor for the first Intel microcomputer
training courses (1973), beta tester for the Commodore PET BASIC language, and
participation in the development of the prototype of the TRS-80 Model 1.
Hopper, Grace Brewster Murray (1906-1992)
New York born mathematician who has been called the first lady of software
and the first mother teacher of all computer programmers. She invented
the first programming languages in the 1950's, for the MARK
I and UNIVAC I, and also invented the first
compilers. She led the creation of COBOL which is the Common Business Oriented
Language along with Charles Phillips. She was the first woman to get a
doctorate in math from YALE, served as a Rear Admiral in the U.S. Naval
Jacquard, Joseph-Marie (1752-1834)
French weaver who built a fully automated loom programmed by punched
cards. (The looms are still in use).
Jobs, Steven Paul (1955- )
California college dropout who, along with Steve Wozniak, co-founded
Apple Corp. After creating the Apple computer in Jobs' parents' garage.
He went on to co-found NeXT Computer.
Johnson, Reynold B. (1906-1998)
Father of hard drives
A pioneer in the development of magnetic disk technology and computerized
educational systems. He led the development and production of the first
random access magnetic disk storage unit and the multiple head actuator.
He is the founding manager of the IBM Research Laboratory and the IBM
Advanced Systems Development Division, San Jose and Los Gatos California
Laboratories. His effort helped establish San Jose and the Silicon Valley
region as the center of the disk drive industry of the world. He holds
more than 90 patents in the areas of educational technologies, code translations,
communications technology, and magnetic storage systems.
Kahn was born in Paris to a French mother and German father. After
completing a mathematics degree in the 1970s, he moved to Switzerland to
work on the PASCAL programming language. He then took the opportunity to
program the Micral, a French microcomputer that beat the MITS Altair by
more than a year.
In 1982 Kahn moved to the United States with $2,000 and a business
The following year, he rented a space over a garage and founded Borland
International. Starting with Turbo-Pascal, the self-styled "barbarian of
the software industry" built the third largest software company in the
Borland's great times didn't last. Kahn's brash style alienated many
people, including Bill Gates, who headed archrival, Microsoft. Kahn thought
he could beat Microsoft, but a series of acquisitions and poor market decisions
hurt Borland's prospects.
Kapor, Mitchell (1950- )
New York born software designer who created Lotus 1-2-3 along with
Jonathan Sachs, and founded the Lotus Development Corp. in 1982 in Cambridge,
Andy Kay (MIT '40), who as CEO at Non Linear Systems, invented and
produced the digital voltmeter. Credited by Electronics Design magazine
together with Dr. William Shockley, co-inventor of transistor, for "leading
the electronics industry into the digital revolution." Another of
Andy Kay's creations, KAYPRO, a local company
that captured the attention of the personal computer world. KAYPRO, in
1983, was rated the 5th largest personal computer manufacturer in the world.
Kay, Alan C.
Mathematician who conceived the basic concepts of high level, object
oriented programming and subsequently designing Small-talk, the first completely
object oriented language, while working at Xerox Palo Alto Research Center.
Kemeny, John (1926-1992)
Hungarian native and Dartmouth mathematician who co-developed BASIC
in 1964, along with Thomas Kurtz. Kemeny was physicist Albert Einstein's
Kilby, Jack St.Clair (1923- )
Engineer who grew up in Kansas and who independently invented the integrated
circuit at Texas Instruments in 1945, at the same time as Robert Noyce
at Fairchild Semiconductor. Along with Jerry D. Merryman and James Van
Tassel, Kilby helped invent the first electronic handheld calculator by
adapting the integrated circuit.
King, Augusta Ada (Lady Lovelace) (1815-1852)
She was best known for translating from French to English a report
on a lecture Babbage gave, she added her own lengthy notes to the text,
and has been credited with developing the concepts of "loop" and "subroutine".
Babbage said that she explained the machine much better than he did and
seemed to understand it better.
Gary Kildall wrote PL/M, the first high level
programming language for the Intel microprocessor. Gary
Kildall also wrote a simple operating system in his PL/M language.
He calls it CP/M (Control Program/Monitor).
Knuth, Donald Ervin (1938- )
Milwaukee born programmer, author, musician, and professor at Stanford
who as written three volumes of a planned seven volume book series called
"The Art of Programming", which is a summary of basic computer science.
He also developed a scientific typesetting language called Tex and an alphabet
design system called Metafont.
Kurtz, Thomas (1928- )
Illinois born mathematician who co-developed BASIC in 1964, along with
Lake, Clair D. (1888-1958)
IBM engineer credited by Howard Aiken as one of the co-inventors of
the Harvard-IBM MARK I finished in 1944.
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm (1646-1716)
German who invented the first machine that could easily add, subtract,
multiply and divide. He was also an advocate of the binary system.
Licklider, J.C.R. (1915-1990)
He headed the Information Processing Technology Office at the U.S.
Advance Research Projects Agency in the 1960's. While at his post, he established
funding priorities for computer science research, which eventually led
to the development of the Internet and the networking of computers.
Markkula, A.C. "Mike"
Former Intel executive who invested in Apple early on, essentially
becoming a third partner to Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs.
Mauchly, John William (1907-1980)
Ohio born physicist who worked with J. Presper Eckert and a 50 member
team to create the first electronic large scale, general purpose calculator,
known as the ENIAC.
McCarthy, John (1927- )
Boston born mathematician who is considered to be one of the fathers
of artificial intelligence for coining the term and for his work in helping
computers reason more like human. He also created the programming language
LSP in 1958.
Metcalfe, Robert (1946- )
New York native who led the creation of Ethernet, which linked the
mini computers found at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Centre in 1973.
Jay Miner, was responsible for the development of the "Amiga",
along with RJ Mical, Dave Morse and Carl Sassenrath.
Moore, Gordon (1929- )
California born who helped Robert Noyce develop the semi-conductor
chip at Fairchild Semi-conductor in 1958. At the same time that Jack Kilby
was inventing one at Texas Instruments. Later Noyce and Moore co-founded
Intel Corporation. In 1965 he predicted that the capacity of a computer
chip would double every year. (Moore's law).
Napier, John (1550-1617)
Scottish theologian and mathematician who discovered logarithms at
the same time as the Swedish mathematician Jobst Burgi.
Nelson, Ted (1937- )
Person who coined the term "hypertext" in 1965. He also proposed Xanadu,
which would put the world's literary collection online and deal with copyright
and accounting problems.
Norris, William (1911- )
Nebraska engineer who founded the Control Data Corp. He gave Seymour
Cray free rein to develop a supercomputer line that included the 6600.
Noyce, Robert N. (1927-1990)
Iowa electrical engineer who invented the integrated circuit in 1958
at Fairchild Semi-conductor with the help of Gordon Moore, at the same
time Jack Kilby was inventing it at Texas Instruments. He went on to co-found
Intel Corp. in 1968, with Moore.
Oliver, Bernard (1916-1995)
Founder of Hewlett-Packard Laboratories in the early 1950's who
directed its research for approximately 30 years.
Olsen, Kenneth Harry (1926- )
Connecticut born electrical engineer who built a computer to test magnetic
memory and helped build Whirlwind. He also
co-founded Digital Equipment Corp. with Harlan Anderson.
Osborne, Adam (1939- )
Introduced the first commercially successful "portable" computer in
1981, the Osborne 1.
Packard, David (1912-1996)
Colorado born electrical engineer who, along with William Hewlett,
created Hewlett-Packard. They set up shop in a one car garage in Palo Alto,
Calif., and Silicon Valley was born. They got their first of several patents
when they created a resistor-capacitance audio oscillator, which Disney
purchased to make the sound track for the film "Fantasia".
Pascal, Blaise (1623-1662)
French mathematician who at the age of 19 invented a machine (pascaline)
that could add and subtract with the turn of wheels and also carry between
digits. Later in life, Pascal became religious and philosophical and abandoned
math and science.
Creator of QDOS (Quick and Dirty Operating System) for use with Seattle
Computer Products 8086-based computer. In 1980 Microsoft's Paul Allen contacts
Seattle Computer Products Tim Paterson, asking for the rights to sell
SCP's DOS to an unnamed client (IBM). Microsoft pays US$50,000 for the
Developed the 6502 and one of the first personal computers the Commodore
PET(Personal Electronic Transactor).
Graduated in 1940 from Imperial College, London with First Class honours
in Physics and Mathematics. He came to Australia in late 1945 to work at the
Radiophysics Division of CSIR. After working on radar systems, he began his
career in computing by initiating the CSIRAC project in 1947 (the first stored-memory
electronic computer in Australia). This project was followd by studies of
programming languages in the United Kingdom and of computer networks when
he returned to Australia in 1959. After a period as a consultant with the
Control Data Corporation on the STAR 100 project, he retired from the Caulfield
Institute of Technology (now Monash University) in the late 1980's. Trevor
Pearcey died on Tuesday, 27 January 1998.
In 1967 writes Ph.D. thesis on the Graphical User Interface (GUI) at Penn State
University. In his thesis he coins the term "QuickDraw" for the first time.
This will eventualy become the name of the Mac's graphics routine 17 years later.
Ritchie, Dennis M. (1941- )
New York born computer scientist who deserves much of the credit along
with Ken Thompson for the development in 1973 of UNIX. Ritchie also developed
the C programming language.
Roberts, H. Edward
American Air Force officer who, along with three friends, founded the
Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS), which thrived when
in 1971 it began producing the large scale integrated calculator kit in
the U.S. The company soon introduced the Altair,
an affordable computer kit that uncovered a huge market for microcomputers.
Roberts, is now a small town medical doctor.
Roberts, Larry (1927- )
Considered to be the father of the ARPA-Net.
Sammet, Jean E. (1928- )
New York born leading expert on the history of programming languages.
She developed FORMAC, the first widely used language for manipulating symbolic
mathematical expressions, while at IBM. She was the first female president
of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).
Scheutz, Georg (1785-1873)
and Edvard Raphael (1821-1881)
Father and son team of Swedish engineers who, in 1853, constructed
an operational Difference Engine that was modeled after Charles Babbage's
plans. Demonstrating that the machine could be constructed with the technology
of the day.
Schikard, Wilhelm (1592-1635)
German astronomer, linguist, mathematician, and minister who in 1623
created the first workable adding machine which
incorporated John Napier's logarithms.
Schreyer, Helmut (1912-1984)
German engineer who, as a graduate student helped Konrad Zuse design
and build his mechanical and electromechanical computers.
He is also credited with the idea of using vacuum and neon tubes instead
of electromechanical relays.
Shannon, Claude Elwood (1916- )
Michigan born mathematician who wrote several influential papers, including
one in 1937 that set the stage for digital computers and another in 1948
that founded information theory. He also wrote a paper that described the
stored program computer, which led to the development of John von Newmann's
digital, all purpose electronic calculating device. The International Standard
Organization (ISO) named the "shannon", a unit of measurement for information
content, after him. Shannon also has been recognized as the first person
to use the word "bit".
Shockley, William Bradford (1910-1989)
British co-inventor of the transistor, and
a member of the AT&T Bell Telephone Laboratories team with John Bardeen
and Walter Brattain. The three shared a nobel prize in physics in 1956.
British inventor, who brought the price of computers below $100.00
Stibitz, George Robert (1904-1995)
American mathematician at AT&T Bell Laboratories who invented several
computers the first of which used Boolean logic to add, subtract, multiply,
and divide complex numbers. This Complex Number calculator, completed in
1939, provided the foundation for digital computers and was also the first
machine to be used from a remote location.
Stroustrup, Bjarne (1950- )
A Dane who invented the C++ programming language. He also wrote two
books about the language.
Sketchpad Project, MIT, 1963
The display, a lightpen, and a bank of switches were the interface
on which Ivan based the first interactive computer graphics. In 1963, his
Ph.D. thesis, "Sketchpad: A Man-machine Graphical Communications System,"
used the lightpen to create engineering drawings directly on the CRT.
Highly precise drawings could be created, manipulated, duplicated, and
stored. The software provided a scale of 2000:1, offering many acres of
Sketchpad pioneered the concepts of graphical computing, including
memory structures to store objects, rubber-banding of lines, the ability
to zoom in and out on the display, and the ability to make perfect lines,
corners, and joints. This was the first GUI (Graphical User Interface)
long before the term was coined.
He and a friend, Ward Christensen, created the first BBS February 16,
1978, in Chicago.
It wasn't called a BBS. The name was CBBS.
The first BBS ran on an S-100 computer with 64k RAM and two single-sided
8" diskettes each holding 250k.
Randy put the hardware together; Ward wrote the BBS software in 8080
assembler and served as the system operator, a term quickly shortened to
Teal, Gordon K. (1907- )
Texas born Texas Instruments physicist who, in 1954, perfected a way
of making transistors out of silicone, one of the most common elements,
instead of using germanium, which cost more than gold.
Started the Byte Shop in December 1975. He also was interested in selling
Apple I's. Without Paul Terrell and the Byte shop Apple may have never gotten
In 1990, Torvalds, a student of 25 years old at the University of Helsinki,
was looking to replace his old Commodore. He did not want DOS for an OS and
UNIX was expensive. That is why he created LINUX, with the help of many people
from around the globe. An operating system distributed for free an alternative
for Microsoft WINDOWS.
Auschwitz survivor who founded Commodore International, which released
the Pet (Personal Electronic Transactor) in 1978
and began the micro computer race with Tandy Radio Shack and Apple Computer.
Tramiel, later sold the Texas based company to buy Atari from Warmer Communications.
Turing, Alan Mathison (1912-1954)
English mathematician who was crucial in the work at Bletchley Park
designing the Colossus, which deciphered German
code during WWII and is considered to be the first electronic computer.
He later invented the Turing Test, in which he proposed that if a computer
could pass his test, it had proven that it could think. (So far no computer
has passed). In 1952 he was convicted for "unnatural" acts and forced to
take female hormones because he was an homosexual. He died two years later,
after knowingly eating an apple dipped in strychnine.
Wang, An (1920-1990)
Chinese physicist and engineer who invented and patented magnetic
core storage while working at Harvard University for Howard Aiken.
IBM bought the storage method for a ridiculously low price considering
that magnetic string memories ended up making stored program computers
commercially practical. Want later founded his own company in Boston, Wang
Laboratories Inc. The company created the first desktop computer and also
developed word processing in which text editing could be done on screen.
Warnock, John E.
He invented Post-Script PDL (Page Description Language) a major factor
leading to the desktop publishing revolution. He and Charles Geschke were
the founders of Adobe Systems in 1982.
Watson, Thomas J. (1874-1956)
New York born president of the International Business Machines (IBM)
Corp. who built up the company during WWII and also invested in Howard
Aiken's plan to build the Harvard MARK I calculator.
Watson, Thomas J. Jr. (1914-1993)
He took over his father's position as president of IBM in 1952, convinced
that the company should build and market computers. He eventually led the
company to having total domination of the computer market.
Wilkes, Maurice Vincent (1913- )
English mathematician who designed and constructed the EDSAC (Electronic
Delay Storage Automatic Calculator), which was a stored memory computer
made up of 16 steel tubes and 3,000 vacuum tubes that could be programmed
in English and perform addition in 1.4 milliseconds. He later constructed
the EDSAC 2, which is the first computer to have a micro programmed control
Williams, Frederic Galland (1911-1977)
English engineer who, with the help of Tom Kilburn, developed cathode-ray
tube (CRT) storage for the SEEM (small scale electronic machine), which
first ran in 1948, at Manchester University. CRT's were the first high
speed random access memory (RAM), which allowed computer to go directly
to specific stored information.
Williams, Samuel B.
American engineer for AT&T Bell Telephone Laboratories who, in
1939, oversaw the production of George Stibitz's powerful calculating machine.
Wirth, Niklaus (1934- )
Swedish born who, created Oberon an object oriented programming language
and operating system that used 1.5 megabytes of RAM. He also created Modula-2
Wozniak, Steven Gary "The Woz" (1950- )
Electrical engineer from California who co-founded Apple Computer in
cooperation with Steve Jobs after creating the Apple computer in Jobs'
parents' garage. Wozniak is considered the "father" of the Apple, and Jobs
was the ambitious force. The pair founded Apple Computer Inc. in 1976 and
created the phenomenally successful Apple II computer,
which moved the computer industry into the big time and changed Apple from
a garage company to a multimillion dollar one. In 1985, he left Apple for
his own company. CL-9 (Cloud 9), which designed remote control products.
He now devotes his time to helping young people learn about computers.
He also helped Mitch Kapor found the Electronic Frontier Foundation, which
is a nonprofit civil liberties group dedicated to understanding the social
impact of the digital revolution and protecting online freedom.
Yamachita, Hideo (1899-1993)
Japanese engineer considered the father of Japan's computer industry.
He led the team in 1950 that created Japan's first large electronic computer,
the Tokyo Automatic Calculator (TAC), with vacuum tubes.
Yang, Jerry (right)
1994. That's when with David Filo (left), these two PhD students created
Yahoo! directory to help their Stanford pals locate cool Web sites.
Zuse, Konrad (1910-1995)
German engineer who in 1938 created the Z1, one of the
first binary digital computers, which was destroyed during World War II. Zuse
also developed the successors Z2, Z3, and Z4 the last of which was the only
one to survive the war.