UNIT SOLD = 2,000,000 plus
The personal computer family from Apple that pioneered the microcomputer
revolution and has been widely used in schools and home. It uses the 8-bit
6502 microprocessor running at 1MHz, an 8-bit bus and runs under Apple's
DOS or ProDOS operating system. AppleSoft BASIC is built into ROM and always
available. With a Z80 microprocessor board plugged in, Apple IIs can run
CP/M programs, such as dBASE II.
Click here to view an ad introducing the APPLE ][
Apple ][ clone
The Apple ][ was cloned by the hundred in the early 1980's.
The name of this one is TC-80A.
The Apple I, the grandfather of all Apple Computers!
Click here to see a 1976 ad for the Apple 1
Processor: MOS Technology 6502, 1.023 MHz.
Memory: Came with 4k RAM (expandable to 8k, 65k with clever hack).
Ports: any standard ASCII keyboard that could be installed (as shown at
left), and any monitor.
Display: frame rate of 60.05 Hz, could support 40 characters per line at
24 lines, with automatic scrolling.
Screen shot of the Apple I:
BASIC, so games could be programmed and played on it. Woz wrote a BASIC
language assembler into the ROM by hand using only hex.
Please visit this site for the history of
the Apple ][.
Apple's original logo
The Apple I was the result of the development efforts of Steve Wozniak,
Steve Jobs, and Ron Wayne. It was developed in Steve
Wozniak's home on 11161 Crist Drive in Los Altos (the house number was
later changed to 2066). Steve Wozniak built the printed circuit-board,
while Ron Wayne wrote the Apple-1 Operation Manual at his home. Steve Jobs
sold it. They first previewed the Apple I in action during a May 1976 meeting
of the Homebrew Computer Club. Paul Terell,
the owner of the Byte Shop, the only computer store chain at the time,
was impressed by what he saw and promised to buy 50 fully assembled computers
for $500 each. Jobs insisted it could be done and with the help of Woz,
Bill Fernandez (who introduced Jobs to Woz) and Daniel Kottke (a friend
of Jobs) they were able to build by hand all 50 of the motherboards two
days before their loaned parts were due. They were not the fully assembled
computers Terell had asked for, but he paid the men the cash they needed
to pay off loans and make a good profit. Apple later sold the Apple I for
Jobs originally wanted to sell it for $777.77. Woz insisted that this
price was to high so he agreed to sell it for $666.66 When he was asked
why he picked this number (the mark of Satan) he answered that he just
took a lucky number, 7,
and subtracted one.
Ron Wayne, left the company shortly after Apple delivered
their first order. Because Jobs planned to go highly in debt to build large
quantities of the Apple I. Having lost a lot of money in other investments
with new computer companies, he wrote a letter of resignation to Apple
and gave back his 10% in Apple stock. He received $500 in cash for the
work he had done.
Please visit this site for the history of Apple